Systems theory assumes organizations as systems composed of various parts that work together to achieve a common goal. Systems Theory approach enables managers to assess their organizations with a broader perspective. Managers can focus on the overall goals of the organization rather than just departments.
Systems theory have supporters from various areas such as:
– Biologist Ludwig von Bertalanffy,
– Linguist Béla H. Bánáthy,
– Sociologist Talcott Parsons,
– Ecological systems with Howard T. Odum, Eugene Odum and Fritjof Capra,
– Organizational theory and management with individuals such as Peter Senge,
– Interdisciplinary study with areas like Human Resource Development from the work of Richard A. Swanson,
– Insights from educators such as Debora Hammond and Alfonso Montuori.
As a multidisciplinary approach, Systems Theory brings together principles and concepts from both social and natural sciences such as physics, biology and engineering. Systems theory thus serves as a bridge between science and management.